The Canadian Transportation Agency (CTA) ruled that CN and Canadian Pacific (CP) grain revenues for the 2019-20 crop year were above their respective Maximum Revenue Entitlements (MRE). Each railroad must pay the amount that exceeded MRE plus a 5% penalty.
Under the Canada Transportation Act, CTA is required to determine each railroad’s annual MRE and whether each entitlement has been exceeded. The MRE is a form of economic regulation, allowing CN and CP to set their own western grain shipping rates, as long as the total revenue remains below the ceiling set by CTA.
CN exceeded its C$930,331,426 entitlement by C$3,170,615, which it will pay along with a C$158,531 penalty (for a total of C$3,329,146). CP went beyond its C$997,060,798 entitlement by C$2,170,010, which it will pay in addition to a C$108,501 penalty (for a total of C$2,278,511). They have 30 days to submit payment to the Western Grains Research Foundation.
Combined, the two Canadian railroads—whose CEOs, JJ Ruest (2019) and Keith Creel (2021), are Railway Age Railroaders of the Year—moved 48,023,898 tonnes of Western grain during the 2019-20 crop year, up 4.3% compared with the previous crop year. The average haul length was 965 miles, down 1.4% compared with the previous crop year, according to CTA.
Both railroads are continuing to move grain at a years-long record-setting pace, made possible in part by ongoing purchases of new, high-capacity hopper cars from National Steel Car. Such purchases are aided by legislation that allows them to deduct the full cost of new cars from their grain revenue caps.