In early 1958, Stokes became BART’s first employee as director of information. The previous 12 years he had been an urban affairs writer for the Oakland Tribune, often writing about the need for a regional rapid transit system during the postwar building boom. In his new job, he set out to establish the transit district. The five counties making up the district were Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco,. and San Mateo. Between 1958 and 1962, Stokes’ primary responsibility was to develop and carry out a comprehensive information program about the rapid transit plan and its potential benefits to the Bay Area.
Early in 1962, when a final Composite Report detailing the plan was published by BART’s consulting engineers, Parsons Brinckerhoff-Tudor-Bechtel, two counties dropped out of the district, San Mateo and Marin. Stokes then concentrated his and his staff’s information program on the voters of the three remaining counties. He is credited with almost singlehandedly bringing about voter approval for the project in the Nov. 6, 1962 election. In that election, 61.2% of the voters agreed to a tax to build the new system through a $792 million general obligation bond referendum. Also in 1962, Stokes was promoted to assistant general manager and the following year named general manager by the BART Board of Directors, replacing the district’s first general manager, John Pierce.
Stokes was BART’s general manager for 11 years, from 1963 to 1974. During those years, he guided the project through some tough times. Fearing that the project could not be finished without an additional $150 million, Stokes, along with local officials and business leaders, worked with the state legislature to find a solution. In 1969, the state legislature passed a bill authorizing a temporary 0.5% sales tax to be levied in the three district counties against which bonds could be sold.
A few weeks after BART opened, Sept. 11, 1972, Stokes accompanied President Richard Nixon and First Lady Pat Nixon (pictured at left) on a train ride from San Leandro to Lake Merritt. It was an historic occasion for the new transit system.
Following his BART years, Stokes took on the leadership of the newly-formed American Public Transportation Association (APTA) in Washington, D.C. As APTA’s executive director from 1974 to 1980, Stokes was instrumental in bringing about a greatly expanded federal commitment in support of public transit, as well as several other accomplishments on behalf of the industry. In the years that followed, he became director general of the Saudi Arabian Public Transport Co. involving several cities in Saudi Arabia.
Born in Oklahoma in 1924, Stokes was an officer aboard a destroyer during World War II.