Montgomery County, Md., planners evaluating I-270 Corridor transit needs are recommending Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) instead of light rail transit (LRT) for the route, citing lower costs, uncertain federal funding support, and planned highway widening that favor BRT as the choice.
The 14-mile “Corridor Cities Transitway” route, serving “upper” Montgomery County, would link Clarksburg and the Metrorail’s Shady Grove Station near Rockville, Md.
The recommendation for BRT runs counter to that of many Montgomery County public officials, and much general public comment, that have called for light rail as a better long-term permanent investment option for the 14-mile route.
LRT is estimated to cost $778 million vs. $450 million for LRT, but rail advocates say LRT ridership would be higher and cost perpassenger mile significantly lower. County planners claim that BRT offers “flexibility”; LRT backers counter that rail offers “permanence.”
The county endorsed LRT for its portion of the proposedPurple Line, linking its withneighboring Prince George’s County and creating a circumferential route linkingat numerous points with Washington, D.C.’s Metro system. Last month the NationalCapital Region Transportation Planning Board, the metropolitan planningorganization, also endorsed LRT for the Purple Line.
Ferrovie dello Stato (Italian Railways, or FS) Thursday suspended use nationwide of rail cars owned by GATX Corp. FS issued a statement by email, saying the suspension will remain in place until Chicago-based GATX provides certified information on its fleet.
Though no immediate reason was offered, the move appears to have been prompted by the June 29 accident in Viareggio, Italy, caused by axle failure on a tank car carrying liquefied gas, causing a derailment that killed at least 18.
GATX Rail Austria, which owns the tank cars involved in the accident, says it does not know the cause of the explosion.
Italian Transport Minister Altero Matteoli said a small crack and traces of rust had been found in the axle of the car that derailed, causing other cars to derail as they passed through the center of Viareggio.
Private investors affiliated with Value Recovery Group, Inc.,Columbus, Ohio, are behind the move by US Railcar, LLC, to acquire the Colorado Railcar diesel multiple-unit (DMU) design, in order to advance the manufacture of a U.S. DMU alternative for transit markets. The assets acquired include proprietary rights and information, manufacturing documentation, inventory, tooling, fixtures/jigs, and other equipment necessary for production.
In a statement, VRG Chairman & CEO Barry H. Fromm said, “US Railcar intends to reestablish passenger train production in the United States.”
“We want to keep American jobs and U.S. public investment at home,” said Fromm. “There is a major commitment by the Obama Administration and the Congress to make investments in intercity and high speed rail to promote economic growth and mobility, create jobs, conserve energy, and address climate change. This opens a new era for passenger trains and railcar manufacturing in the United States.”
Michael P. Pracht will serve as president and CEO of US Railcar; Pracht’s career includes stints with Siemens and Ansaldo STS. US Railcar intends to manufacture both single- and bi-level DMUs per the Colorado Railcar design.
Fatalities reported by U.S. railroads continued to decline in this year's first four months, according to statistics released July 1 by the Federal Railroad Administration's Office of Safety Analysis. The report gives accident/incidents comparisons for the last four years.
Rail fatalities totaled 209 in the January-April 2009 period, down 1.9% from the corresponding period last year and down 21.7% from the same period in 2006.
Grade crossing fatalities were down 5.6% this year to 67 and down 42.7% from the 2006 period. Trespassing fatalities increased 2.3% to 134 in this year's first four months, up 2.3% from last year but down 8.2% from 2006.
The FRA report lists seven employee fatalities through April this year, compared with six in the 2009 period and three in January-April 2006.
A total of 3,326 accidents and incidents were reported in this year's first four months by 696 large and small railroads. This was down 20.2% from last year and 24.5% from 2006.
Train accidents were down 31% from last year, to 587, and 38.6% from 2006. Collisions were down 29.7% from the 2008 period, to 45, and 22.4% from 2006.
Derailments in this year's first four months were down 32.4% to 417, and down 38.9% from 2006. Yard accidents declined 34% to 300 from last year and were down 44.1% from 2006.
Essex Junction, Vt.-based Huber+Suhner, Inc. and Electro-Wire, Inc., Schaumberg, Ill., say they successfully installed SENCITY®LINK 60 (SL-60) for the Massachuseetts Bay Transportation Authority during June. SL-60 is an integrated 60 GHz 360 Mb point-to-point antenna and radio, designed for high security, interference-free service in a range of environments, including urban settings and tunnels, with a maximum range of 1.25 miles.
“SL-60 operates in the unlicensed band at a frequency much higher than any commercially deployed system,” says Wayne Pleasant, Huber+Suhner field application engineer. “It’s six-by-six 6 inch size and 8 watt power consumption allows it to run on POE in the tightest locations. It does not look like an antenna at all, and operates like any other piece of an interconnection network; it is ‘virtual cable’ without any digging.”
Patrick McNamara, Electro-Wire’s regional manager, said one particular problem MBTA faced was “how to cross the tracks with fiber to get to a station. The cost of shutting down service and trenching would have been enormous,” but the two suppliers “installed the radio in less time than the design review.”
Portland, Ore., continues preparing for a Sept. 12 opening of its latest light rail transit expansion, the $575.7 million Green Line that extends east of the city to Clackamas County.
TriMet conducted a test run June 30 with numerous dignitaries along for the ride, including Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-Ore.), a staunch pro-light rail advocate. The trip, stretching from Portland State University to Clackamas Town Center, highlighted upcoming light rail access to Portland’s Union Station, served by Amtrak, and through Portland’s downtown transit mall, until now the province of buses only.
The Green Line service crosses the Willamette River bridge as per TriMet’s three other MAX light rail lines, and shares the route of the Red and Blue lines between the bridge and Gateway/NE 99th Avenue station, before diverging and serving eight new stations, terminating in Clackamas Town Center, roughly paralleling Interstate 205. Five of the stations will include Park & Ride lots offering a total of more than 2,300 spaces. TriMet plans to run trains every 15 minutes, at minimum, beginning Sept. 12.
CSX has announced a carbon dioxide reduction effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 8% per revenue-ton mile by 2011. CSX said the move is equivalent to to reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 2.4 million tons, or taking 441,000 cars off the road each year, or burning 5.6 million fewer barrels of oil.
"Freight rail is the most fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly surface transportation option," said Chairman and CEO Michael J. Ward. "We are pleased to enhance these benefits with our firm commitment to reduce CSX's carbon footprint."
For CSX's non-railroad operations, plans include using building space more efficiently, improving HVAC systems, and installing energy-efficient lighting and automatic computer-shutdown software, Ward said.
The effort is being taken under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Climate Leaders Program, a voluntary program for businesses.
CSX also noted that by the end of 2009, an additional 1,200 CSX locomotives will be upgraded to further reduce emissions and lower fuel consumption by nearly 10 million gallons.
U.S. coal exports are showing “signs of life,” though the U.S. still trails other coal exporting nations, but those signs won’t generate a strong enough rebound for U.S. rail freight coal traffic in 2009, according to the “Coal and Rail Quarterly” report issued by New York-based Dahlman Rose & Co.
"We have seen reports of contracts for delivery from the east coast to India in the last week. U.S. met[allurgical] coal exports were only 1.3 million tons in May, with none to India, while June saw 2.8 million tons booked, according to McCloskey’s,” the report says. “Chinese imports, both met and thermal, have reignited the Pacific market, but repercussions have been slow to reach the United States due to anemic electric and steel demand in the West."
Dahlman Rose also notes, “The thermal coal export story to Europe remains dormant outside of delivery of legacy business.” The report adds, “Like their domestic counterparts, European utilities are suffering from high inventories and recession-impacted electric demand."
In the U.S. itself, political maneuvering, and not legal action, is complicating coal production, particularly mountaintop mining, Dahlman Rose says. “Legal developments have generally favored the coal industry this year, with the most recent development comingfrom the U. S. Supreme Court ruling that the Army Corps of Engineers has authority over 404 valley fill permits, not EPA. The administration recently announced that it would seek modifications to the practice through an end to expedited reviews and tightened federal oversight. While the road to issuing permits is theoretically open, we believe the Army Corps continues to bend to political pressure, and do not expect a meaningful resumption of permit issuances. At risk is approximately 70 million tons/year of Central Appalachian low-cost production."
That puts additional pressure on freight railroads counting on a resurgence in coal traffic. “After seeing their volumes drop more than 15% during the first quarter, railroad carriers hopedthe worst was over. Unfortunately, the rail industry was betrayed by one of its most historically stable commodities. Indeed, coal volumes have plummeted nearly 12% in 2Q as both domestic and export demand for coal slumped drastically. Demand for domestic coal fell off due to the lack of demand from steel producers and a falloff in electrical demand from utilities,” the report says.
"Not only did utilities have slumping demand for power generation in the first quarter, but the rapidly falling price ofnatural gas compounded the difficulties for coal demand due to switching. This scenario led to a build up in stockpiles at domestic utilities with current stockpiles nearly 30% above normalized levels. Hence, even with increased burn from a hot summer we believe volumes to utilities will continue to remain under pressure for 2009. As a result, we do not see a rebound in rail emerging in 2009,” Dahlman Rose warns.
Shipments of ethanol may account for less than 1% of all U.S. rail freight volume, but for the ethanol industry itself the percentage at stake is far higher, with roughly 70% of all U.S. ethanol moves accomplished by rail, according to the Renewable Fuels Association.
Moreover, the association sees little change in the immediate future, according to Technical Director Kristy Moore. “There’s always going to be the economy of rail and the availability," Moore said. "There are railroad tracks crisscrossing the Midwest, where the majority of ethanol is produced. Rail has access, control terminals, and is cheaper than anything else right now.”
U.S. railroads moved 120,000 carloads of ethanol in 2007, according to the Association of American Railroads, up 20% from 2006.
U.S. Class I employment in May dropped to 151,536, down 1.77% from the previous month and down 8.33% from May 2008.
Operating crews, the biggest single category, again took the hardest hit. Transportation (train and engine) employment sank to 56,370,down 4.14% from April and 17.99% from May 2008.
The second biggest employment group, maintenance of way and structures, was up 0.18% from April to 35,442, but down 0.69% from May 2008.
Maintenance of equipment and stores employment, at 29,303, was off 1.05% from April and 3.75% below May 2008.
Professional and administrative employment was 13,411 in May, down 0.16% from April and 2.12% below May 2008.
The smallest group, transportation (other than train andengine), had 6,929 workers in May, off 0.9% from April but up 4.13% from May 2008.
The only category showing improvement from over both April 2009 and May 2008 were executives, officials, and staff assistants, which at 10,081 was up 0.40% from April and 0.11% from May last year.